history meme: 02/08 objects | The Seven Wonders of the World
The Seven Wonders of the Ancient World is the first known list of the most remarkable creations of classical antiquity, and was based on guide-books popular among Hellenic sight-seers and only includes works located around the Mediterranean rim. The number seven was chosen because the Greeks believed it to be the representation of perfection and plenty (the five planets known anciently plus the sun and moon):
The Great Pyramid of Giza: the most fully intact Ancient Wonder left and truly an architectural accomplishment. The Pyramid is believed to be built for the Pharaoh Khufu around 2560 BC. The structure took fourteen to twenty years to complete using slaves to do most of the work.
Statue of Zeus at Olympia: Created by the Greek sculptor Phidias in 432 BC, the Statue was located at Olympia, Greece. The statue was built in honor of the Greek God Zeus and portrayed him sitting down holding a statue of the Goddess Nike in one hand and a scepter in the other while presiding over the Olympic Games. Its towering frame rose 32 feet tall and was built in a temple that housed it.
The Hanging Gardens of Babylon: Considered to be located in Babylon, which is now Iraq. Built by King Nebuchadnezzar II for his homesick wife to remind her of the country of Persia from where she was from, the Gardens were as massive achievement of buildings, statues, and plant life in the middle of a desert that receives little rain. One of the most impressive aspects to the garden was how it was irrigated using the Euphrates River and chain pumps to funnel the water to the plants.
The Lighthouse of Alexandria: Pharos is a small island off the coast of Alexandria and because it was difficult to navigate sailing vessels in this area, became home to the famous Lighthouse of Alexandria. The tower was built between the time of 280 and 247 BC and stood between 390 and 450 feet tall. For many centuries, it was the tallest man-made structure ever to exist. In 1303 and 1323, there were two earthquakes that damaged the lighthouse to the extent that no one could even enter the building any longer. It was soon demolished and some of the remaining materials were turned into a medieval fort by then Sultan of Egypt, Quaitbay in 1480.
The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus: Built between 353 and 350 BC. No expense was spared in building the tomb and it was built by Greek architects Satyros and Pyhtis and stood 135 ft high with each of the four sides decorated with sculptures designed by each one of four Greek sculptors.
Temple of Artemis: Created back in 550 BC for a Greek Goddess of the same name. Except for the roof, the temple was completely built out of marble. All accounts of the temple come from Pliny the Elder, a philosopher and writer and wrote that the dimensions of the building were 377 feet long and 180 feet wide, making its size about three times as large as the Parthenon.
The Colossus of Rhodes: Representing the Greek God Helios, the Colossus of Rhodes, is located on the Greek Island of Rhodes. Standing at 107 ft tall, the statue was the tallest statue of the ancient world. The statue stood for 56 years before it was hit by the 226 BC Rhodes earthquake. The Statue suffered significant damage snapping at the knees and tumbling over on to the land.
"I do a lot of weird things. I do a lot of weird movements."
What happened when strangers saw a little boy shivering outside without a coat. See the full video here.